The PostgreSQL Installation Journey on Ubuntu 18.04: A Comprehensive Guide

If you are someone who is navigating the environment of virtual private server hosting in the Netherlands, installing PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 18.04 can considerably improve your capabilities in managing databases.

Fear not, even if the procedure could appear to be complicated! In order to ensure that your Netherlands VPS from Virtual Systems has the best possible database functionality, here is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial on installing PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 18.04.

Step-by-Step PostgreSQL Installation Guide



1. Update System Repositories

Begin by updating the system’s repository list to ensure you have access to the latest versions of software:

sudo apt update

The most recent information on packages is retrieved from the repositories by using this command.

2. Install PostgreSQL

Please proceed to install PostgreSQL from the Ubuntu repository by utilizing the command that is provided below:

sudo apt install postgresql postgresql-contrib

The PostgreSQL database system and any extra contributed modules are installed into the system by using this command.

3. Confirm PostgreSQL Installation

postgresql installation

Verify the installation by checking the PostgreSQL service status:

sudo systemctl status postgresql

This command displays the PostgreSQL service’s current status, indicating that it is operational and operating.

4. Access PostgreSQL

To communicate with PostgreSQL, use the command line to connect to the default PostgreSQL user, ‘postgres’:

sudo -i -u postgres

This command launches the PostgreSQL command-line interface.

5. Access PostgreSQL Shell

Access the PostgreSQL shell to perform database operations by entering:


You’ll enter the PostgreSQL interactive terminal, denoted by the ‘postgres=#’ prompt.

6. Create a New PostgreSQL User

postgresql new user

Within the PostgreSQL shell, create a new user with appropriate privileges:

CREATE USER myuser WITH PASSWORD ‘mypassword’;

Replace’myuser’ with the username you choose and’mypassword’ with a solid password.

7. Create a New Database

Next, create a new database and assign ownership to the newly created user:


Replace ‘mydatabase’ with the name of your desired database and ‘myuser’ with the previously generated username.

8. Grant Privileges

Grant necessary privileges to the user for the newly created database:


This command ensures the user has full access rights to the database.

Benefits of PostgreSQL on a Netherlands VPS

backend programming
  • The robust database administration offered by PostgreSQL is essential for virtual private server hosting in the Netherlands since it provides extensive functionality for effective data management.
  • In terms of data integrity, the dependability and integrity of PostgreSQL guarantee the safe and consistent management of vital data on your virtual private server (VPS).
  • PostgreSQL is great for developing enterprises that are operating on a virtual private server platform since it is scalable and can accept solutions for increased data requirements.

Prerequisites for PostgreSQL Installation

Before embarking on the PostgreSQL installation journey on Ubuntu 18.04, it’s essential to prepare your system and environment. Ensure you operate under a non-root user account with sudo privileges to execute administrative commands safely.

The system should be updated to the latest package versions for security and compatibility; use sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade to achieve this. Verify your server’s internet connection stability, as the installation and updates require downloading packages from repositories.

Familiarize yourself with basic Linux commands and the terminal, as you’ll predominantly use the command-line interface for installation and management tasks. These preliminary steps are foundational, reducing potential hiccups during the PostgreSQL installation process.

Securing Your PostgreSQL Installation

installation security measure

Securing your PostgreSQL installation is paramount to protect your data and prevent unauthorized access. Begin by setting strong passwords for the PostgreSQL roles, particularly the default ‘postgres’ user, which is often targeted by attackers.

Configure the pg_hba.conf file to control access to your database; specify which hosts are allowed to connect, and enforce the use of strong authentication methods. Regularly apply security patches and updates to the PostgreSQL server to mitigate vulnerabilities.

Consider setting up a firewall to restrict incoming connections to your server, allowing only specific IP addresses or networks to connect to the PostgreSQL port. Lastly, enable SSL encryption for connections to ensure data is securely transmitted over the network, safeguarding against eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attacks.

Customizing PostgreSQL Configuration Files

PostgreSQL’s performance and behavior can be fine-tuned through its main configuration files: postgresql.conf and pg_hba.conf. The postgresql.conf file allows you to adjust memory allocation, query planning, and runtime statistics collection, among other parameters, to optimize the database server for your specific workload.

Proper tuning of these settings can significantly enhance system performance and resource utilization. The pg_hba.conf file controls client authentication and connection policies. It’s essential to understand the security implications of these settings; carefully configure which users and hosts can connect to which databases, and specify the authentication methods.

Customizing these files requires a balance between performance, security, and resource management, tailored to your environment’s needs.

Backup and Recovery Strategies for PostgreSQL

computer backup

A robust backup and recovery strategy is crucial for any database management system, ensuring data integrity and availability in case of hardware failure, data corruption, or accidental deletion. PostgreSQL offers several backup methods, including SQL dumps, file system level backups, and continuous archiving with point-in-time recovery (PITR).

Regularly perform backups and store them in a secure, off-site location to prevent data loss. Test your recovery procedures periodically to ensure they are effective and can be executed within your desired recovery time objectives. Understanding the trade-offs between different backup methods in terms of performance, storage, and recovery speed is essential for choosing the best strategy for your needs.

Enhancing PostgreSQL with Extensions and Tools

PostgreSQL’s extensibility is one of its core strengths, allowing users to add new functionality through extensions. Popular extensions like PostGIS add support for geographic objects, enabling location-based queries and analysis, which is invaluable for applications requiring spatial data.

pgAdmin provides a graphical interface for database management, making it accessible to those who prefer not to use the command line. Other tools and extensions can provide additional indexing types, full-text search capabilities, and foreign data wrappers to integrate data from other sources. Exploring the available extensions and tools can unlock new possibilities and enhance your PostgreSQL database’s capabilities to meet specific application needs.

PostgreSQL on Netherlands Dedicated Servers

postgresql netherland

The process of installing PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 18.04 extends seamlessly to dedicated servers in the Netherlands. With dedicated resources and enhanced control, deploying PostgreSQL on a Netherlands dedicated server further amplifies database performance and management capabilities.

In conclusion, the PostgreSQL installation on Ubuntu 18.04 transforms your Netherlands VPS into a robust database management powerhouse. Following these step-by-step instructions ensures a smooth setup, empowering you to harness the power of PostgreSQL for efficient data handling on your VPS. And remember, this installation process is equally applicable and beneficial for deploying PostgreSQL on a dedicated server in the Netherlands.